Welcome to Philippine School

The Grading System     

The K to 12 Basic Education Program uses a standards-based and competency-based grading system. All grades will be based on the weighted raw score of the learner’s summative assessments. The minimum grade needed to pass a specific learning area is 60, which is transmuted to 75 in the report card. The lowest mark that can appear on the report card is 60 for quarterly grades and final grades.

Learners from Grades 1 to 12 are graded on Written Work, Performance Tasks, and Quarterly Assessment every quarter. These three are given specific percentage weights that vary according the nature of the learning area.

Assessment shall be used primarily as a quality assurance tool to track student’s progress in the attainment of standards, promote self-reflection and personal accountability for one’s learning, and provides a basis for the profiling of student performance.

Assessment shall be holistic, with emphasis on the formative or developmental purpose of quality assuring student learning. It is also standards-based as it seeks to ensure that teachers will teach to the standards and students will aim to meet or even exceed the standards. The students’ attainment of standards in terms of content and performance is, therefore, a critical evidence of learning.

The attainment of learning outcomes as defined in the standards shall be the basis for the quality assurance of learning using formative assessments. They shall also be the focus of the summative assessments and shall be the basis for grading at the end of instruction.

  1. For Kindergarten                                                                                                                                                                     For Kindergarten, checklists and anecdotal records are used instead of numerical grades. These are based on the learning standards found in the Kindergarten Curriculum Guide. Teachers shall keep a record or compilation of all the learner’s outputs like portfolio, writing samples, artwork, and others. These shall serve as the bases to describe the learner’s behavior, attitude, and effort in school work.
  2. For Grades 1 to 12                                                                                                                                                                            In a grading period, there is one quarterly assessment but there should be instances for students to produce Written Work and to demonstrate what they know and can do through Performance Tasks. There are no required number of Written Work and Performance Tasks, but these must be spread out over the quarter and used to assess learners’ skills after each unit has been taught.       

Grades from all student’s work are added up. Raw scores from each component have to be converted to a Percentage Score, using the formula below.                                                                                                                                                                          Percentage Score PS = Learner's   total  raw  score Highest possible score ×100

Percentage scores are then converted to Weighted Scores to show the importance of each component in promoting learning in the different subjects. The formula below is used to convert Percentage Score(PS) to Weighted Score(WS).                                Weighted Score(WS) = Percentage Score(PS) X Weight of Component   


  • The sum of the weighted scores in each component shall be transmuted using the transmutation table given in the DepEd Order no. 8, s. 2015.
  • The average of the quarterly grades produces the Final Grade for every learning area. The General Average is computed by dividing the sum of all Final Grades by the total number of learning areas. Each learning area has equal weight.
  • For Grades 11 and 12, the two quarters determine the Final Grade in a semester.
  • The Final Grade in each learning area and the General Average are reported as whole numbers.                                                                                      

 Learning is not solely academics, the school envisions on the holistic development of the learners, hence, they are also graded based on their demonstrated observable values


              System of Rating the learner:

                         Marking                        Non-numerical Marking                          Numerical Marking

AO                               Always Observed                                                93-100

SO                               Sometimes observed                                             84-92

RO                               Rarely Observed                                                  75-83

NO                               Not Observed                                                    74 and below

 Guidelines on Awards and Recognition                                                                                                                                        The selection of honors is purely academic based. The extra-curricular activities are not included as part of the criteria in the selection of honors. Extra-curricular activities shall have separate awards.

 Classification of Awards                                                                                                                                                                  

1. Classroom Awards                                                                                                                                                             are recognition given to learners in each class or section. A simple recognition may be given from first to third quarter (Kindergarten to Grade10), per semester (Grades 11 and 12), or end of the school year. Awardees are given merit by the adviser and/or other subject teachers in recognition of the learners’ outstanding performance in class.                                                        Performance Awards for Kindergarten                                                                                                                                             These awards are given to recognize outstanding achievement of learners based on the different domains and/or learning competencies of the kindergarten curriculum at the end of every quarter.                                                                                   Academic Excellence Award                                                                                                                                                              The Award for Academic Excellence within the quarter is given to learners from grades 1 to 12 who have attained an average of at least 90 and must not have a grade lower than 85 in all learning areas.The Average Grade per Quarter is reported as a whole number following DepEd Order No. 8, s. 2015. The table below shows the specific Academic Excellence Award given to learners who meet the following cut-off grades.                                                                                                                                                 Recognition for Perfect Attendance                                                                                                                                                This award is given from first to fourth quarter, to encourage learners to attend and actively participate in class. Perfect attendance means that a learner must be present in all of his/her classes, and must have no absences and tardiness for the entire quarter. Learners who are representing the school for official purposes (e.g., in-school or off campus activities) may also qualify for this award.

  2. Grade-level Awards                                                                                                                                                         are given to qualified learners for every grade level at the end of the school year. Candidates for the awards are evaluated by the Deliberation Committee if they have met the given criteria.                                                                                                       Academic Excellence Award                                                                                                                                                             At the end of the school year, the Academic Excellence Award is given to learners from grades 1 to 12 who have attained a General Average of at least 90 and must not have grades lower than 85 in all learning areas.The General Average is reported as a whole number following DepEd Order No. 8, s. 2015. The class advisers will give to the Deliberation Committee the list of qualified learners to be awarded during a school ceremony. Refer to the table for the Academic Excellence Award at the end of the school year.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Leadership Award                                                                                                                                                                            The leadership award is given to learners in grades 6, 10, and 12 who have demonstrated exemplary skills in motivating others and organizing projects that have significantly contributed to the betterment of the school and/or community. This award is given during the completion or graduation ceremony.To qualify for this award, a learner must:                                                      Have no failing grades in any of the learning areas                                                                                                                          Have not committed any offense punishable by suspension or higher sanction according to the PS Student Handbook.               Be a class officer or an active member/officer of any recognized school club, team, or organization.                                                      The table below shows the set of criteria and weights that will be used by advisers and subject teachers in the evaluation and deliberation process. Candidates will be evaluated by their class or club advisers and subject teachers. Only those learners who have met at least 90% of the criteria on the next page shall be awarded.                                                                                                    

3. Special Recognition                                                                                                                                                           is given by the school to the learners who have represented and/or won in inter-school and/or international level competitions. This is to publicly affirm learners who have brought honor to the school.

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